The favorable geographical position and the terrain configuration have given rise to the most important Central Balkan trunk route, which interconnects the Black Sea with the Adriatic Sea, to partly go exactly along the
In the territory of the municipality, human settlements existed way back in prehistory – by archeological investigations, objects and settlements were discovered which belong to the Neolithic culture, of Vinča – Pločnik type. The remnants of the oldest settlement in the territory of the town date back from the pre-Roman times and were discovered at the foot of Hisar Hill.
In view of the fact that the town has been located at the same place for centuries and since it has developed along its main street, which is parallel with the river, the remnants of the past have mainly not been preserved. Still enduring are the walls of the old town, of the fortress on Hisar Hill, which has been just partly investigated, the
The present-day town of
The present-day town was predominantly constructed in the 20th century. The building activity took place according to the designs of the
The most important ones are certainly the building of the district administration - the present-day building of the Municipality of Prokuplje, the building of the Elementary School "Nikodije Stojanović Tatko", the building of the National Museum of Toplica, the building of the Sokolski Hall, and the endowment of doctor Aleksa Savić, erected on the hill of Hisar, which has actually become the landmark of our town.
The moderate continental climate with mild transitions between the seasons in the mountain-encircled valley, the long and severe winter in the mountain, have given rise to the fertile soil along the Toplica River and its tributaries as well as abundance of forests and pastures.
The moderate continental climate, the high-country area as well as the ample underground circulating and thermal mineral waters, provide favorable conditions for the economic development of the municipality.
Out of the total of 75,896 hectares on which the
The space of the territory of the
The main industrial production in the municipality involves foodstuffs, and the prevailing type of economic activity is the processing industry with 42.5%.
In Prokuplje, there are five big enterprises and around 200 small and medium-size ones (the number constantly varies), whereby the private sector prevails.
Agriculture is in the area of Prokuplje the major backbone of development of the municipality and a major factor of subsistence of the population. What is common to/for everything in the primary agricultural production is the disrupted economic state. However, in line with the initiatives of the community, it is expected that the agriculture will get its primary position in the economic development of the municipality, the position it deserves judging by its significance.
Namely, Prokuplje municipality is reputed as the leader in the production of health food for the Toplički district. Therefore, the expectations that our agricultural products are going to find their place in other markets are justified. The specific features of this area as brand names are: ,,Manastirka’’ Prokupac-twice-distilled plum-brandy, confectionery products of Hisar Company, mineral water ,,Milan Toplica’’.
Favorable natural conditions enable the development of tourism. The actual destinations for mountain, hunting, recreational, and rural tourism are Beli Kamen, Hisar complex for sports tourism, and the mountain and winter-recreational resort of
The biggest hospitality industry facility, the hotel ,,Hameum’’, which is located in the center of the town and, on the top of Hisar Hill, there is also the restaurant Savićevac. In addition to the above facilities, there is also the Refectory in Kondželj, which is in the yard of the
In Prokuplje, cultural and historic events are traditionally organized, which by their attractions and programs, remind the citizens and visitors of the significant dates or personalities from our past.
One of the best known events is the celebration of the town patron St. Procopius, on the 21st of July.
For decades now, by the end of August and in the beginning of September, international literary Drainac gatherings are held in Prokuplje with the presentation of the famous Drainac award for the best book of poetry in the previous year.
By the end of August, the international art colony „Memorial of Boža Ilić” is also held in Prokuplje in memory of the great Serbian painter, and the international art colony „Sunce-Sun”.